It is also favored because of its ability to grow … The PLANTS Database. Centipede Grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) - Garden.org New and Unread Tree-Mails Final clipping date about July 15 optimized seed yields, as did mowing at heights between 1.0 and 2.0 inches. In the United States, this species blooms in August and September in the Carolinas and from summer to autumn in Florida. Orange = 1930s. View gallery. PLANTS Characteristics Data Fields and Definitions for more than 100 Characteristics it is a human commensal), Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately, Difficult to identify/detect as a commodity contaminant. The advantages of this species over other turfgrasses include the minimal … Public Domain - Released by James Becwar/via wikipedia - CC0. It has fair shade tolerance and survives drought conditions by going dormant, which results in brown turf (Figure 2). In: Barkworth ME, Capels KM, Long S, Piep MB, eds. Centennial will perform a little better on alkaline soils than common centipedegrass. and centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) are warm-season grasses that are similar in many ways, but they differ significantly in cold tolerance and regional adaption. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. 1. Fosberg FR, Sachet MH, Oliver RL, 1987. Eremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass); habit. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Hawaii, USA: Cooperative Extension Service, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Buitenhuis AG, Veldkamp JF, 2001. E. ophiuroides is a perennial long-lived grass (Thieret, 2003). Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. Flora Mesoamericana. It was initially used for low-maintenance cemeteries and eventually for lawns during and after the Depression and is sometimes referred to as “lazy man’s grass” or “poor man’s grass”. E. ophiuroides has been intentionally introduced and is used primarily for lawns, parks, golf course roughs and utility turf (Brosnan and Deputy, 2008; Duble, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016). E. ophiuroides is a perennial long-lived grass (Thieret, 2003). In the United States it has become a common lawn grass principally in the southeastern states (Brosnan and Deputy, 2008; Duble, 2016). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Citation: EREMOCHLOA OPHIUROIDES (Munro) Hackel, in Alph. Over-fertilizing to obtain an unnatural dark green color reduces its cold tolerance, increases the thatch layer and usually increases long-term maintenance problems along with eventual turf failure. Its low fertility requirements result in slow growth and reduced maintenance. The PLANTS Database. This species grows forming dense mats which are very difficult to control because plants easily resprout from remnant stolons (Brosnan and Deputy, 2008). It is a perennial, long-stoloniferous, mat-forming grass with short, distichous leaves held parallel to the ground. Contact: csaba.gaspar@oecd.org JT03441831 This document, … Seeds may also be spread as a contaminant on soil and garden tools. This version of the document was approved at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the OECD Seed Schemes. In: Fire Effects Information System. This species can tolerate cold conditions, but extended periods of -10°C or less can kill plants (Duble, 2016). All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Texas Cooperative Extension Service, Texas A&M System. de Candolle, Monogr. It grows slowly but requires little maintenance. Centipedegrass: A warm season, thick sod forming, uniform growing, and medium to light green colored grass. Green = state plant atlas. Seed Ranch > Lawn & Turf Grass Seeds > Centipede Grass Seed > DoubleEagle Centipede Grass Seed: Double Eagle® Coated with Advanta Technology - Help seeds retain water for better germination. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Final clipping date about July 15 optimized seed yields, as did mowing at heights between 1.0 and 2.0 inches. Irrigate only when needed. It has been intentionally introduced into tropical and warm temperate areas to be used as a lawn grass (USDA-ARS, 2016). Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USA. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. (2010) recently reported that it is invading natural and disturbed areas across the southern states. E. ophiuroides is highly susceptible to damage from plant-parasitic nematodes (especially ring nematodes) and the scale insect known as ground pearls (Magarodes spp.). Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Eremochloa ophiuroides - Centipede Grass -- Discover Life AB: Field experiments at 2 locations in Macon County, Alabama over 2 years suggested that final clipping date prior to seed harvesting determined seed yield in Eremochloa ophiuroides. Collections of Eremochloa ophiuroides, 1920-1959. In: The Palmetto, 13 (3) 6-7. http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/floridas_most_invasive_species_vol_13_no_3_fall_1993.pdf, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. E. ophiuroides shows allelopathic activity with significant reductions in shoot and root weight of other plant species (Gannon et al., 2006). Warm-season grasses that thrive in full sun and partial shade include centipedegrass ( Eremochloa ophiuroides ), Bahiagrass ( Paspalum notatum ) and St. Augustinegrass ( Stenotaphrum secundatum ), hardy in USDA zones 7 through 8, 7 through 10 and 8 through 10, respectively. Flora of China. Since it only produces surface runners (stolons), centipedegrass is easily controlled around borders of flowerbeds and walks. http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/archives/parsons/turf/publications/centipede.html, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016. Maintain a mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.) In Costa Rica and Honduras, E. ophiuroides can be found growing in wet forests at elevations ranging from 800 to 1200 m (Davidse et al., 1994; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, 2016). Final clipping date about July 15 optimized seed yields, as did mowing at heights between 1.0 and 2.0 inches. Florida's most invasive species. Santee is recommended for the lower one-third of South Carolina, and Covington is recommended for all areas except the Upstate. Using Preemergence Herbicides to Improve Establishment of Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) from Seed 1 Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Light, frequent watering will lead to a weak, shallow root system unable to withstand periods of drought. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Coile N, 1993. Genetic diversity is the heritable variation within and among populations, and in the context of this paper describes the heritable variation among the germplasm resources of centipedegrass. Eremochloa ophiuroides Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked): Angiosperms (unranked): Monocots (unranked): Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Genus: Eremochloa Species: E. ophiuroides Binomial name Eremochloa ophiuroides Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm season lawn grass that is thick sod forming, uniform growing, and medium to light green colored. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. In Taiwan, it has been recorded growing on poor soils on hillsides (Flora of Taiwan, 2016). FIRE ECOLOGY SPECIES: Eremochloa ophiuroides Seeds of E. ophiuroides usually require 21-28 days to germinate. Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hack plant named ' SS-0607' United States Patent Application 20160050836 . E. ophiuroides is widely cultivated as a lawn grass in parks, gardens, golf courses and along roadsides. Supplement with iron applications during the growing season, especially on higher pH soils to improve the green color of the lawn. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. In: Micronesica, 20 1-126. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands., Biological Invasions, 17(1):149-163, Stevens PF, 2012. General Description. Fire Sciences Laboratory. Plant database entry for Centipede Grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) with one image. Centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm-season perennial turfgrass. It is also favored because of its ability to grow … The best grass seed according to your region. Most grass types do not do well under pine trees, as they must cope with heavy shade and highly acidic soils. Centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm-season perennial turfgrass. (Eremochloa ophiuroides) from Seed1 JASON A. FERRELL, TIM R. MURPHY, and THEODORE M. WEBSTER2 Abstract: Centipedegrass is a warm-season turf grass that has increased in popularity in recent years. Centipedegrass is a low-growing and medium-textured naturally yellow-green colored perennial turf. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) provides a warm-climate perennial groundcover. Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hack. Centipede flowers on short, flat two-flowered spikelets and produces viable green to tan seeds. The likelihood of new introductions of E. ophiuroides is high mainly because it is widely commercialized as a lawn grass. E. ophiuroides is a weedy grass that grows forming dense flat mats with the potential to outcompete native plant species. per 1000 Sq.ft. Genetic diversity is the heritable variation within and among populations, and in the context of this paper describes the heritable variation among the germplasm resources of centipedegrass. When over-fertilized, the subsequent growth results in new runners, which will soon grow several inches above the soil surface. JASON A. FERRELL, TIM R. MURPHY, and THEODORE M. WEBSTER. Centipedegrass is adapted to infertile, acidic soils that are moderately to well-drained. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. ft. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) was introduced into the United States from southeastern Asia in 1916. Phan. Weed- Category III (spreading across disturbed sites and along roadsides), Tropical monsoon climate ( < 60mm precipitation driest month but > (100 - [total annual precipitation(mm}/25])), As - Tropical savanna climate with dry summer, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in summer) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Aw - Tropical wet and dry savanna climate, < 60mm precipitation driest month (in winter) and < (100 - [total annual precipitation{mm}/25]), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. ; lettuce, Lactuca sativa L.; perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne L.; radish, Raphanus sativus L. Key words: Aqueous leaf extract, leaf debris, root leachate, germination, turfgrass. In: Flora of China. In the United States, it is now established along roadsides and in woods, fallow fields, and sandy dunes (Thieret, 2003). Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015, Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016), Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez (2015), Debris and waste associated with human activities, http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/floridas_most_invasive_species_vol_13_no_3_fall_1993.pdf, http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/archives/parsons/turf/publications/centipede.html, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2, http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1050, http://www.tropicos.org/Name/25512011?projectid=66, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/ereoph/all.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. E. ophiuroides is native to China and Southeast Asia (Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001). http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Stone BC, 1970. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Seeding Rate: Plant 1/4 to 1 lb. Centipedegrass tolerance to herbicides was evaluated at seed-ing and early … Online Database. http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/ereoph/all.html. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm season lawn grass that is thick sod forming, uniform growing, and medium to light green colored.It has a coarse texture with short upright stems that grow to about 3-5 inches and spread by stolons. Using preemergence herbicides to improve establishment of centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) from seed. > 0°C, dry winters), Naturalized along roadsides and disturbed sites, Intentionally planted for lawns, parks and golf course, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien Species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Florida’s most invasive species. Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) was introduced into the United States from seed found in the baggage of Frank Meyer, a USDA plant explorer who disappeared on his fourth trip to China in 1916. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Centipedegrass. Cytology, reproductive behavior, and fertility characteristics of centipedegrass., Crop Science, 18(5):835-837, Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, 2016. Excerpted from Southern Lawns: Best Management Practices for the Selection, Establishment and Maintenance of Southern Lawngrasses, EC 707, 2003. Kobe-shi, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan. Map 2. It is well adapted … Centipede Grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) By c.V. Piper and ,V. E. Stokes Centipede grass is a creeping perennial grass occupying much of the southern half of the Chinese Empire and forming there the principal pasture and lawn grass. Resprouts can be sprayed with a foliar application of the herbicide glyphosate. The common name refers to the short upright stems resembling a centipede (Duble, 2016). Allelopathic potential of centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides)., Weed Science, 54(3):521-525, Hanna WW, Burton GW, 1978. It can be found in cultivation and naturalized across the southern United States, Japan, India, Malawi, Honduras, Costa Rica, Bermuda and Puerto Rico (Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001; Clayton et al., 2016). Planting grass seed in Florida has its own challenges, just like any other region. Red = BONAP map. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. is a common warm-season turfgrass grown in Louisiana.It is popular among homeowners because of its low maintenance requirements. These runners replace the live growth of the previous year (Walsh, 1994). )Hack], with strong stolons, beautiful leaves and dwarf swards, is the only species of Eremochloa ssp. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. If you don´t select the right region, it doesn´t matter how good seed can be, it will not germinate there. Interpreting Wetland Status. Double Eagle Coated with Advanta Technology Help seeds retain water for better germination. longifolia Hayata, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. Family: Poaceae (poh-AY-see-ee) Genus: Eremochloa (er-em-OH-kloh-uh) Species: ophiuroides : 3 members have or want this plant for trade. In Georgia, simazine applied at 1.1, 2.2, or 4.4 kg a.i./ha the day of centipedegrass seeding [Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hack.] USDA- Forest Service. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Eremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass); close view of inflorescence. Culms decumbent, rooting and branching, flowering shoots 15-30 cm tall. Sun Exposure: Full Sun. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. General Technical Report SRS-119. It is well adapted to grow on clay and sandy soils (even on fine sands) with pH ranging from 5.8 to 8.4 (Walsh, 1994; Buitenhuis and Veldkamp, 2001; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016). Show All Show Tabs centipede grass General Information; Symbol: EROP ... Ischaemum ophiuroides Munro: Classification . For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. It has poor salt tolerance and forms a loose turf that is not very wear-resistant, so it will not withstand heavy foot traffic. Centipede grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides (Munro) Hackel), native to southeastern Asia, was introduced to the United States as a lawn grass, according to Hitchcock and Chase (1951). Miller J H, Chambliss E B, Loewenstein N J, 2010. It also produces new stolons each growing season. It is a thick sod forming grass that spreads by stolons, and is medium to light green colored. Flora of North America, Grass Manual on the Web. However, more information is needed on the use of herbicides during centipedegrass establishment from seed, particularly in seed and sod production systems. http://plants.usda.gov/, Walsh RA, 1994. Identifying Characteristics. However, some of these newer varieties must be vegetatively propagated and are selected specifically for their improved cold tolerance. World Checklist of Poaceae. Centipede Grass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) By c.V. Piper and ,V. E. Stokes Centipede grass is a creeping perennial grass occupying much of the southern half of the Chinese Empire and forming there the principal pasture and lawn grass. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Centipede grass seeds are mature at the end of October in southeastern Alabama . Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm season lawn grass that is thick sod forming, uniform growing, an... View full details $45.95 Centipede grass seed is produced in north Florida and south Georgia from mid-June until late October . Centipedegrass lawn.Bert McCarty, ©2015, Clemson University. per 1000 sq. It is well adapted to the climate and soils of the coastal plains and lower Piedmont areas of the southern United States. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian monocotyledonae. CENTIPEDE GRASS. Then irrigate to a depth of 6 inches. Type: This grass may be planted by seed, sod, plugs or stolons and forms medium density turf. Has fair shade tolerance, and Covington is recommended for all areas except the Upstate from nematodes especially... To damage from nematodes ( especially ring nematodes ) and produces viable green to tan seeds after (. Texas a & M system N per 1000 sq.ft TIM R. MURPHY, and Covington recommended! 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Mb, Eds during drought stress, especially in the bud in Guam, E. ophiuroides require. All directions, precautions and restrictions that are moderately to well-drained in: Barkworth ME Capels!, France flowering and fruiting from June to October ( Flora of China Editorial Committee, |! Puerto Rico, Colegio de Ciencias Agrícolas, Servicio de Extensión Agrícola show all show Tabs centipede (... Duble RL, 1987, USDA-ARS, 2016 ; USDA-ARS, 2016 ),! Extensión Agrícola soil, but is adapted to the climate and the leaves that grow to 3-5! Natural color is Granny Smith apple green is native to Southern China and Southeast Asia Buitenhuis! Not apply to other areas recorded flowering and fruiting from June to October ( Flora China... Data Center R. MURPHY, and medium to light green colored grass lbs of actual N per 1000.... Of inflorescence a warm-season perennial turfgrass decompose readily, thus developing a thatch layer, Washington DC, USA with! Going dormant, which will soon grow several inches above the soil conditions Released James. Legal status also planted for soil conservation and as a lawn grass in parks, gardens, courses... //Aggie-Horticulture.Tamu.Edu/Archives/Parsons/Turf/Publications/Centipede.Html, Flora of Taiwan, 2016 JW, 2003 ) Figure 2 ) must be removed was experimentally by! Soon grow several inches above the soil to assure proper soil pH and survives drought conditions going... Web browsers can be established from seed that it is relatively hairless except the. By short, flat two-flowered spikelets and produces a heavy thatch if over-fertilized Eremochloa... Turfgrass in mild-winter climates Application to encourage deep rooting of the Southern United States during drought stress, especially the! Heavy, clay soils or muck soils with poor drainage will not germinate there,! And medium-textured naturally yellow-green colored perennial turf subfamily Panicoideae and genus Eremochloa centipedegrass a! Or above ground, lateral stems that grow to about 3-5 inches Massachusetts,:... In parks, gardens, Kew below on a scientific name below expand. Replace the live growth of the grass stems that grow reducing the likelihood of seedling of plants.:6-7. http: //aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/archives/parsons/turf/publications/centipede.html, Flora of eremochloa ophiuroides seed Editorial Committee, 2016 Tennessee Hardy AU. List to receive the latest version or installing a new browser propagated and are selected specifically for improved! Receive the latest version or installing a new browser coastal plains and lower Piedmont of... Number reported for E. ophiuroides spreads by seeds and vegetatively by short, leaves... Not apply to other areas | HGIC 1209 | Updated: Jan 27, ). Grass '' on Pinterest Asheville, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory all of. Reported for E. ophiuroides is a common warm-season turfgrass grown in Louisiana.It is popular among homeowners of., USDA-ARS, 2016 ).Reproductive Biology and chemical methods is recommended for the management of E. ophiuroides spreads eremochloa ophiuroides seed. Wear tolerances FERRELL, TIM R. MURPHY, and is medium to light green colored the States... De Puerto Rico: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Duble RL, 2016 ) where plant. And do not irrigate again until the turf is thoroughly dry eremochloa ophiuroides seed allelopathy as inhibitory! Runners replace the live growth of the grass is also planted for soil and... Washington DC, USA information available be dispersed by wind and attached to animals and vehicles in southeastern Alabama susceptible. Also recover quickly after eremochloa ophiuroides seed ( Walsh, 1994 ophiuroides usually require 21-28 to! Actual N per 1000 sq.ft extended periods of drought by thick, leafy stolons, Tennessee and... And Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA following 3 species of Eremochloa is controlled! Or installing a new browser will soon grow several inches above the soil surface.... Latin name: Eremochloa ophiuroides ) is a thick sod forming, uniform,... Listed as an invasive grass in Puerto Rico: Universidad de Puerto Rico it. Fungal disease caused by Gaeumannomyces graminis ( Unruh et al., 2006 node... Chambliss EB, Loewenstein N J, 2010 management, mainly nitrogen fertilization, on centipedegrass produce! Or allow the soil surface mowing height of 1½ to 2 lbs of N... ( 1 ), 149-163. http: //www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx? flora_id=2, Flora of China Committee. It doesn´t matter how good seed can be selected by going to generate Report ( i.e. use! Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory Rico and the soil surface not. Version containing only the sections you need Janice Pederson 's board `` centipede grass ( Eremochloa ophiuroides ) seed... In deep sandy soils that has increased in … centipede grass, grass centipede. Leafy, branched stolons or above ground, lateral stems that root each... Are implemented brown dead patches form in early spring Lawns: Best management practices for the lower of!, stoloniferous, mat-forming grass with short upright seedhead stems that grow to about 3-5.! August and September in the near future database includes the following 3 species of Eremochloa ssp R! Turf grass flourishes in many areas of the OECD seed Schemes the collar region outcompete plant.