This is a commercial Enfield with Birmingham Proof marks. This piece has been in my family, since the 1860's. The CH1 stamp is the inspector mark of the firm of Curtis & Harvey who contracted with Isaac, Campbell and Company to inspect arms destined for the Confederate States of America in 1861-1862. This is one of the guns purchased by the Confederacy from England through Sinclair Hamilton & Co. and run through the Federal blockade. For the Union side, there were two types of guns: the 1816 Flintlock Musket and the “Trapdoor” Springfield Rifle. Sword explains that many Confederate Enfield rifles are found with the initials carved on the stock, the Federal Army did not do this or if it was done, it was done rarely. Bond Enfield B Furnishers Mark At the outbreak of the War Between the States the Confederate Central Government contracted for the purchase of 30,000 Enfield Rifle Muskets to be delivered between October 1861 and April 1862. The markings of 'JS' with an anchor below on an Enfield is certainly Confederate. Being a Confederate Enfield collector from Georgia I can tell you that I am GREEN with envy. The lock markings are very clear and next to the butt plate tang is the visible stamp inside an oval of CH1. For the Confederate side, there was only one gun: the British Enfield rifle-musket. “R.T. Pritchett-London” marked Confederate Contract P-53 Enfield Rifle Musket .577 Cal. Guns with specially designed bayonets were specific to either the Union or Confederate sides of the Civil War. If you're looking for a real Confederate Enfield but can't afford the ones with the expensive marks, this would make an economical alternative that will display on your wall or fireplace mantle as nicely as one in a museum. I'm wondering if anyone has ever seen an example like this, as most Civil War era Enfield… As you can see from the photos, the rifle has been cleaned at some point in its life. Bond Enfield Rifle Musket Confederate Inventory Number 8199 E.P. This is a standard British Pattern 1853 Rifle Musket, made in Birmingham, and supplied to the Confederacy is such large numbers that it is a more typical Confederate weapon than any made in a southern state. Here is an example of a Confederate Enfield with initials and notches cut in the stock. Both of these are believed to be Confederate markings. Alfred Harris (1857-69) was a gun barrel maker at Bullocks Steam Mill, Cliveland Street, Birmingham, He was granted British Patent No. This a London made, Confederate used single band Enfield rifle, picked up off the battlefield at Fredericksburg. E.P. 983 of 7th April 1862 for a method of composite barrel making round a central core. Original brass butt plate has roman number chiseled on the tang, “XCIII”. This list is primarily a compilation of later twentieth Australian, Canadian & US monograms from the late Frank Adlam's records along with some notes on British, South Africa and New Zealand stations where they are similar. The 1853 Type III Enfield was the most common imported weapon of the Civil War. Therefore, it will be found that these markings relate to hardware as well as to the ammunition and various forms of packing. An original English Tower-marked, 1861, Enfield Pattern 1853 Rifle Musket with Confederate viewer’s marks… Both the North and South imported this weapon to the tune of 900,000 from 1861 to 1865. Very Good screws throughout. For details, we highly recommend The English Connection and The Confederate Enfield. Enfield 1853 - Confederate / ACW indicators: Small Arms & Edged Weapons: 17: Aug 4, 2020: Difference between 1853 Enfield Manufacturers? A very fine example. Mr. Lightly stamped into the top of the shoulder stock is “SL” within a circle. 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