1,4 Since the invention of a vaccine against canine distemper virus (CDV) in the 1960s, the disease became uncommon in industrialized countries.1 Multiple different CDV vaccines have … In the western North Atlantic endemic infection in harp and grey seals predates the European epidemic, with relatively small, … Putative CDV lineages are indicated by brackets. 1. 2. Clinical signs include laboured breathing, fever and nervous symptoms. This paper explores the concept of the critical community size for persistence of infection in wildlife populations.We use as a case study the 1988 epidemic of phocine distemper virus in the North Sea population of harbour seals, Phoca vitulina. Phocine distemper virus (PDV) has plagued marine mammals for decades, killing thousands of European harbour seals in the North Atlantic on 2002. There are seven different species of morbillivirus, including the phocine distemper virus (PDV) currently causing seal deaths in European waters, particularly in Denmark. We summarize the available data on this epidemic and use it to parameterize a stochastic compartmental model for an infection … Phocine morbillivirus, formerly Phocine distemper virus (PDV), is a paramyxovirus of the genus Morbillivirus that is pathogenic for pinniped species, particularly seals. Phocine distemper virus (PDV) was first recognized in 1988 following a massive epidemic in harbor and grey seals in north-western Europe. 1998) classified under the family Paramyxoviridae (Cho and Park 2005, Stein et al. Distemper is an acute viral infectious disease with reported mortality rates in ferrets of 100%. Since then, the epidemiology of infection in North Atlantic and Arctic pinnipeds has been investigated. The virus, phocine distemper virus (PDV), was first recognized in 1988 when it was isolated from dead eastern Atlantic harbor seals (Phoca vitulina vitulina) in … 2008). 2006, Osterhaus 1988) causing mass mortality. Since then, the epidemiology of infection in North Atlantic and Arctic pinnipeds has been investigated. Other animals, which can be infected with similar (but different) viruses, include dolphins and dogs, where the virus causes canine distemper against which most pet dogs … PDV has been documented to infect populations of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in the Northern Atlantic (Hall et al. PDV was first identified in 1988 as the cause of death of 18,000 harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) and 300 grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) along … Generally, young seals are affected and show depression, anorexia, crusting conjunctivitis, nasal discharge, and dyspnea. H gene sequence of Phocine distemper virus has been used as outgroup. Strain CDV1747/ITL2018 is indicated by a red arrow. It is caused by a Morbillivirus that is antigenically related to the human measles, rinderpest (officially eradicated in 2011), “peste de petit ruminants,” and phocine distemper viruses. Phocid seals are susceptible to canine distemper virus (see Canine Distemper) and to a closely related but distinct morbillivirus (phocine distemper virus [PDV]). Phocine Distemper Virus (PDV) is a single stranded RNA virus (Zurbriggen et al. 1–5 Prevalence depends on the area, recent outbreaks have been documented in multiple countries. Canine distemper is an important and ubiquitous infectious disease of dogs, other Canidae, wild Felidae, Mustelidae, and marine mammals throughout the world. Phocine distemper virus (PDV) was first recognized in 1988 following a massive epidemic in harbor and grey seals in north-western Europe. An acute viral infectious disease with reported mortality rates in ferrets of 100 %,... Classified under the family Paramyxoviridae ( Cho and Park 2005, Stein et.. 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